Did you know that every webpage you look at on the internet is written in a language called HTML. It is the building block for creating web pages.



Excited to enter in the world of Coding, HTML is the language to start with. Any web page you see is written in HTML. HTML stands for Hyper Text Markup Language. It is the standard markup language used to create web pages.

HTML elements form the building blocks of all websites. The language is written in the form of HTML elements consisting of tags enclosed in angle brackets (like <html>). Browsers do not display the HTML tags and scripts, but use them to interpret the content of the page.


HTML was developed by a scientist named Tim Berners Lee in 1990. From then a lot of developments happened, and various versions have been introduced. In 2000, HTML became an international standard (ISO/IEC 15445:2000).

Different versions introduced:

  • Nov 24, 1995 HTML 2.0 (formal Recommendation by W3C)
  • January 14, 1997, HTML 3.2 (formal Recommendation by W3C)
  • December 18, 1997 HTML 4.0 (formal Recommendation by W3C)
  • April 24, 1998, HTML 4.0 (reissued with minor edits without incrementing the version number)
  • December 24, 1999, HTML 4.01 (Recommendation by W3C)
  • May 2000, HTML 4.01 (published as an ISO/IEC international standard)
  • October 28, 2014 HTML5 (Recommendation by W3C)


<!DOCTYPE html>
<title>Page Title</title>

<h1>My First Heading</h1>
<p>My first paragraph.</p>



1) It’s absolute must

It’s the fundamental technology behind everything you see on web. No matter how talented you are, if you don’t have HTML knowledge, it has very negative impact on you potential clients and your employers.

2) Easy to learn

HTML is a markup language for describing web pages. The good news is it’s not hard at all. It depends the way you pursue your learning.

3) Better Business communication

Today most of the businesses use online channels in a way or other, from e-mailing, websites to apps and organizing teams and projects.

Most of the business frameworks use HTML either by default or by properly accepting HTML formatting, which offers us various publishing options, so why to settle for the minimum.

4) Make updates and fix code yourself

If you need to update your website or fix any broken code, you must look into learning a little HTML. Making minor updates and fixing bugs is really simple and could be performed with basic knowledge of HTML. You don’t need to pay a designer/ developer to fix codes that could be easily rectified in minutes.


HTML is written in plain text, so you could use text editor available in your computer, such as for mac, you can use TextEdit and for windows PC, it is Notepad. There are various other text editors with different features that you could use:

  • Phase 5
  • SynWrite
  • PlainEdit.NET
  • Notepad++
  • CoffeeCup
  • jEdit
  • Brackets
  • Aptana Studio 3
  • Sublime Text 2 – The Swiss Army Knife
  • Programmer’s Notepad


HTML5 and The Future of the Web By Tim Wright
7 Times You’ll Kick Yourself for Not Learning HTML by Ginny Soskey


HTML 5 Cheat Sheet
Lists all currently supported tags, their descriptions, their attributes and their support in HTML 4.

HTML Reference by W3 Schools
HTML Tags Ordered Alphabetically

HTML Color Picker
Get HTML color codes for your website.


HTML Validator lets you validate your files against the w3c standards.